Building healthy lifestyle habits are important aspects for managing your diabetes. The more you know about diabetes and how to treat it, the healthier you will be.

Just over one in 10, or about 34.2 million, people in the United States have diabetes. Another 88 million, or approximately 1 in 3, have prediabetes. This number continues to rise year after year. There are three main types of diabetes:

Type 1 diabetes usually starts in children, teens or young adults but can occur at any time. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not make insulin, so supplemental insulin injections must be given. Only 5-10{44affb6c5789133b77de981cb308c1480316fee51f5fd5f1575b130f48379a33} of all people with diabetes have type 1. Symptoms include frequent urination during the night, excessive thirst, unintentional weight loss, blurry vision, numbing or tingling of feet or hands, and slower healing.

The most common type of diabetes is type 2. Generally, this type takes years to develop and often is without symptoms. It is most common in people over age 45, although it is becoming more and more common in children and teens. The risk for type 2 diabetes increases with obesity. With this type of diabetes, the cells do not respond to insulin as they should. This causes the pancreas to produce more insulin, but eventually, it cannot keep up. Oral medications are usually given to people with type 2 diabetes to help with the body’s insulin production, but over time, insulin injections or other treatments also may be needed.